TAE KWON DO TERMS

First and foremost, Tae Kwon Do terminology is an oral science. Because of the nature of translation, annunciation, as well as regional dialects, there are often many spellings of the same terms. For instance, “do jang” or the gym/studio, can also be spelled as “do chang” or even hyphenated as “do-jang”. This may seem confusing to the beginning student, but the general rule of thumb when dealing with the Korean terms is to spell it as closely as possible to the way it sounds.


CHUN KOOK: National
HUP HEY: Association
DO JANG: Gym/Studio
DO BOK: Uniform
TAE: Foot
KWON: Hand - Fist
DO: Martial Art
DHEE RHO: Back - Rear
DOL YEO: Spin
DHEE RHO DO RA: Turn Around
JONG KULL: Front Stance
WHO KULL: Back Stance
DAE RYUN: Fighting Stance
KONG KU: Punching Board
HO GU: Padded Sparring Equipment
CHA KEE: Kick
MAK KEE: Block
HYUNG: Form
SA BUM NEEM: Master
KWAN JANG NEEM: Grand Master
CHA RYUT: Attention
KYUNG YE: Bow
CHOON BEE: Ready Position
SEE JAK: Start; Begin
KO MAN: Return to Choon Bee position (Ready)
SHE UH: At Ease
KEE MAH RHEE: Horseback Riding Position
HA DAN MAK KEE: Down Block
CHOONG DAN JUN JIN: Stomach Punch
SANG DAN JUN JIN: Head Punch
SANG DAN MAK KEE: Head Block
SANG SOO: Two-Fisted Attack (Or Block)
KWAN SOO: Front Knife Blow
DOONG KWON: Back Fist
YEOK JIN: Reverse Punch
SOO DO: Open Hand Blow
SOO DO MAK KEE: Open Hand Block
UP MAK KEE: Front Block
EUP MAKE KEE: Side Block
UP PURO BAL O RHU KEE: Front Leg Sweep
EUP PURO BAL O RHU KEE: Side Leg Sweep
UP CHA KEE: Front Kick
EUP CHA KEE: Side Kick
DOLL YEO CHA KEE: Round House Kick
DHEE RHO CHA KEE: Back Kick
E DAN EUP CHA KEE: Flying Side Kick
E DAN UP CHA KEE: Flying Front Kick

COUNTS

HAMA (ILL): One
DULL (EE): Two
SET (SAM): Three
NET (SAI): Four
DA SUHT (O): Five
YEO SHOT (YOOK): Six
ILL GOP (CHIL): Seven
YEO DUHL (PAL): Eight
A HOP (KU): Nine
YUHL (SHEEP): Ten

DAE RYUN

This is a ritual form done without contact between opponents where one attacks and the other practices his or her blocks and defenses. The speed and accuracy learned through this exercise develops the student’s ability to react instinctively in defensive combat.

ILL BYUN DAE RYUN: One Step Sparring
E BYUN DAE RYUN: Two Step Sparring
SAM BYUN DAE RYUN: Three Step Sparring
JA YOO DAE RYUN: Free Sparring
ILL BYUN JA YOO DAE RYUNO: One Step Free Sparring
DAN DO DAE RYUN: Knife Sparring
JA DAE RYUN: Sitting Sparring
NAK BUHP DAE RYUN: Falling Sparring

 

BREAKING TECHNIQUES

Breaking techniques are essential exercises for more advanced students. For both training and demonstration, these techniques develop skill, speed, accuracy, and power.

1. SU DO: Open Hand
2. DOL YEO CHA KEE: Round House
3. KO CHUK: High Jumping Kick
4. E DAN EUP CHA KEE: Flying Side Kick
5. UP CHA KEE: Front Kick
6. PAL KUP: Elbow
7. SAI BANG CHUK: Four Way
8. JOO KUK: Fist
9. MHU REE Forehead

SELF DEFENSE TECHNIQUES

1. Knife Attack
2. Gun Attack
3. Hand to Hand Combat
4. Ja Too Dae Ryun
5. Falling Sparring
6. Sitting Sparring
7. Knife Sparring

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